The Palace of Knossos is one of the most interesting archaeological constructions of Crete. It is called the “Eighth Wonder of the World” for its uniqueness and extraordinary beauty.
Ancient Greek myths are associated with the palace, which are of great interest not only to scientists, but also to residents and guests of the island. According to mythology, the palace was constructed by order of King Minos. The construction plan was created by Daedalus. It was intended for the legendary Minotaur – a creature with a bull’s head and a human body.
According to the established tradition, the monster had to be fed. Every year, Athens were forced to send 7 young men and as many girls to feed the monster. Theseus went to Crete to put an end to this. There he was able not only to defeat the Minotaur, but also to fall in love with Ariadne, the daughter of the king. The girl in love gave the young man a ball of yarn, which could miraculously lead him out of the labyrinth.
The first period of existence of the palace dates back to 2000 BC, when it was completely destroyed by a strong earthquake. After a while it was rebuilt. It was not long, because it was completely destroyed by eruption of the volcano located on the island of Santorini.
We can see the modern look of the palace thanks to A. Evans. In 1900, an archaeologist was carrying out digs. He was so addicted to his business that he decided to reconstruct the building.
The main entrance is the western yard. According to some versions, it served as the main entrance in ancient times. There we can see 3 holes lined with stones from the inside. There are several versions of the purpose of these holes: Some tend to believe that they were used for storing grain, others – for sacrifices.
Then you can go through the corridor, which is called “the Road of Processions”. Its walls are decorated with a fresco painting showing an offering to divine by a young man and girl. Part of the corridor is ruined.
From the south-west side of the building you can see a 3-storey building. The approximate date of its foundation is 1600 BC. On the south side of the facade you can see the parolith horns, which also cause numerous disputes of scientists.
The area of the central yard is quite impressive. Its floor is paved with plates. It is believed that it was here that the main events occurred, including rituals. On the road leading from the central yard to the “Procession” corridor, you can see a copy of the famous fresco “The Prince of the Lilies”.
To the west of the south entrance you can see the Southern Propylaeums. From here a staircase is built, from which one can get to the upper floor. Since the rooms were equipped with doors, it is believed that important rites and rituals took place here. Upstairs you can see the fresco “Riton Carrier”, on which there is a young man carrying a vessel for drink-offering.
This is not all interesting places that can be seen in the Palace of Knossos. The building is truly impressive for its architecture and fascinates with a long history. You can learn a lot of interesting facts, mythical tales and versions of scientists straight from a licensed guide.
The tour also includes a visit to the Heraklion Museum, the old part of the city of Heraklion. In conclusion, we will have our dinner in a tavern with seafood.
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